Craig P. Tiller, Esq. PLLC

The different types of skull fractures and treatments

As many Virginia motorists know, car accidents can cause life-altering injuries, affecting the body and the head. For example, skull fractures, which are breaks in the cranium of the head, may result from an auto wreck. In fact, motorists may suffer from one of four types of this injury.

Skull fractures may be closed, open, depressed or basal. A closed fracture, or simple fracture, involves a break in the cranium that does not cut or break the skin, while an open fracture, or compound fracture, involves a cut in the skin and a protruding bone. A depressed fracture causes the cranium to extend or be depressed into the cavity of the brain. A basal fracture happens in the base of the cranium near the spine or around the nose, eyes or ears.

Some skull fractures are accompanied by brain injuries, and the treatment provided during emergency and long-term care depends on the severity of the fracture. While pain medicine might suffice for some basal fractures, others require surgery, especially if substantial cerebrospinal fluid leaks from the ears or nose. Depressed fractures often require surgery when the depression is severe and the brain is forced to cope with too much pressure. The types of treatment that patients receive for a skull fracture also depends on their age, medical history and health.

Suffering a skull fracture in an auto accident could leave victims in more than just physical pain, as treatment for the injury typically results in expensive and ongoing medical bills. If the accident occurred because of another motorist's negligence, such as a disregard for traffic laws or driving while distracted, the victim might be eligible to receive compensation for these financial damages through a personal injury lawsuit.

Source: Healthline , "Skull Fractures", Mary Ellen Ellis, December 21, 2014

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